Name: Neem
Botanical name: Azadirachta indica A.Juss.
Family: Meliaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS

Nimba, Arista, Hinguniryasa, Manda, Tiktaka

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES

Rasa: Tikta
Guna: Lakhu, Snigdha
Virya: Ushna

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES

English: Neem tree, Margosa tree.
Hindi: Neem, Nimb
Malayalam: Veppu, Aryaveppu

Distribution Throughout India growing deciduous forests also cultivated along road sides, and farm boundaries.

PLANT DESCRIPTION

A moderate to large sized tree grows up to 30 meters in height. Leaves imparipinnately compound, leaflets opposite, serrate and acuminate; flowers yellowish white, found in axillary panicles. Fruits elliptical one seeded drupes yellowish when ripe.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES

Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, skin diseases, eczema, fever, wound, ulcer, burning sensation, tumor, worms, cough, diabetes, inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis.
Useful part : Bark, Leaves, Flowers, Seed, Oil.


Name: Ocimum basilicum


Description:
Botanical name: Ocimum basilicum Linn.
Family : Lamiaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS

Barbari, Arjaka, Sitarjaka

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES

Rasa : Katu, Tikta
Guna : Lakhu
Virya : Ushna

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES

English: Sweet basil
Hindi: Babul, Babuyitulsi
Malayalam: Ramatulasi, Ramathulasi

Distribution Cultivated throughout India.

PLANT DESCRIPTION
An aromatic much branching perennial herb grows up to 1 meter in height. Leaves simple, opposite, acute, toothed; flowers white in simple racemes; fruits nutlets.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES

Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, vata, inflammation, cardiac debility, pruritus, skin diseases, cough, diarrhea, vomiting, fever and general weakness.

Useful part: Roots, leaves.


Name: Brahmi


Description:
Botanical name: Bacopa monnieri (Linn.) Pennell
Family: Scrophulariaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS

Brahmi, Trayamana, Seetakamini, Trayanthi, Bhekaparni

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa: Kashaya, Tikta
Guna: Lakhu, Teekshna
Virya: Seeta
Vipaka: Madhura
Prabhava: Medhya



PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES

English: Brahmi
Hindi: Brabmbhi
Malayalam: Brahmi

PLANT DESCRIPTION

Annual creeper grows sticky on ground. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate, sessile, entire, obovate-oblong entire, fleshy and about 1 cm length. Flowers are whitish of bluish white, solitary, arises from the axils. Fruits contain many seeds.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES

Plant pacifies vitiated vata, pitta, skin diseases, neuralgia, inflammations, epilepsy, insanity, ulcers, splenomegaly, flatulence, fever, and general debility.

Useful part: Plant as a whole